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Nerves of the Lower Limb

The Superficial Fibular (Peroneal) Nerve

...and the majority of the dorsum of the foot (apart from the webbing between the hallux and the second digit). Anatomical Course The superficial fibular nerve is a terminal branch...


Medial Plantar Nerve

The medial plantar nerve is a branch of the tibial nerve in the foot. It supplies motor innervation to the plantar foot muscles and cutaneous sensation to the medial two...

Anatomical Areas

The Tarsal Tunnel

...leg and the foot. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the tarsal tunnel – its borders, contents, and clinical relevance. Borders The tarsal tunnel is formed...

Blood Vessels and Lymphatics of the Lower Limb

Venous Drainage of the Lower Limb

...limb. Often, the artery and vein are located within the same vascular sheath – so that the arterial pulsations aid the venous return. Foot and Leg The main venous structure...

Anatomical Terminology

Anatomical Terms of Movement

...used is not the midline of the body, but of the hand and foot respectively. Therefore, abducting the fingers spreads them out. Medial and Lateral Rotation Medial and lateral rotation...


Fibularis (Peroneus) Longus

...Eversion and plantarflexion of the foot. Also supports the lateral and transverse arches of the foot. Innervation: Superficial fibular (peroneal) nerve. Blood Supply: Fibular artery. Adobe Stock, Licensed to TeachMeSeries...

Nerves of the Lower Limb

The Sacral Plexus

...compartments of the leg and extensor digitorum brevis. Sensory Functions: Tibial portion: supplies the skin of the posterolateral leg, lateral foot and the sole of the foot. Common fibular portion:...


Adductor Hallucis

The adductor hallucis is an intrinsic muscle of the foot. It is located within the third plantar muscle layer of the foot and has two heads – oblique and transverse....

Joints of the Lower Limb

The Subtalar Joint

The subtalar joint is an articulation between two of the tarsal bones in the foot – the talus and calcaneus. The joint is classed structurally as a synovial joint, and...


Saphenous Nerve

The saphenous nerve is a cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve in the lower limb. It supplies innervation to the skin of the medial knee, leg, and foot. Course The...

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