The flexor pollicis brevis is a thenar muscle located within the hand. It forms the medial aspect of the thenar eminence and is described as having a superficial and deep part (although the deep component is variable in size).
- Attachments: Originates from the tubercle of the trapezium and from the associated flexor retinaculum. Attaches to the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb.
- Actions: Flexes the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb.
- Innervation: Median nerve (recurrent branch). The deep head is innervated by the deep branch of the ulnar nerve.
- Blood supply: Superficial palmar arch