The rectus abdominis is a muscle of the anterior abdominal wall.
It is a long, paired vertical muscle found on either side of the midline of the anterior abdominal wall. It is split into two by the linea alba.
- Attachments: Originates from the crest of the pubis bone. It inserts onto the xiphoid process of the sternum and the costal cartilage of ribs 5-7.
- Actions: As well as assisting the flat muscles in compressing the abdominal viscera, the rectus abdominis also stabilises the pelvis during walking, and depresses the ribs.
- Innervation: Thoracoabdominal nerves (T7-T11).
- Blood supply: Inferior epigastric and superior epigastric arteries; contributions from posterior intercostal, subcostal and deep circumflex arteries.