Anatomical Planes

The anatomical planes are different lines used to dissect the human body. They are particularly prevalent in terminology describing anatomical models and prosections. Using anatomical planes allows the reader to orientate themselves, and gain a good spacial awareness of the structures they are visualising.

There are three planes commonly used – sagittal, coronal and transverse.

The Sagittal Plane – a vertical line,  divides the body into a left and right.

The Coronal Plane – a vertical line, divides the body into a front and back

The Transverse Plane – a horizontal line, divides the body into a top and bottom

Fig 1.0 - The three anatomical planes

Fig 1.0 – The three anatomical planes

Quiz

Which plane divides the body into left and right?
Coronal plane
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Vertical plane

Quiz

Which of the following is not a plane of the body?
Vertical plane
Transverse plane
Coronal plane
Sagittal plane

Quiz

Which of the following planes is a horizontal line through the body?
Horizontal plane
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Coronal plane

Quiz

What does the coronal plane divide the body into?
Top and bottom
Left and right
Diagonal halves
Front and back

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