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Fibularis (Peroneus) Brevis

...shaft. The muscle belly forms a tendon, which descends with the fibularis longus into the foot. It travels posteriorly to the lateral malleolus, passing over the calcaneus and the cuboidal...


Fibularis Tertius

...always present. Attachments: Originates with the extensor digitorum longus from the medial surface of the fibula. Its tendon descends onto the dorsal surface of the foot and attaches to the...

Bones of the Lower Limb

The Fibula

...– articulates with the talus bone of the foot. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the fibula – its structure, bony landmarks and clinical relevance. Adapted...

Fig 1 - The superficial and sub-inguinal lymph nodes.
Blood Vessels and Lymphatics of the Lower Limb

Lymphatic Drainage of the Lower Limb

...on the dorsal surface of the foot. They travel up the anterior and posterior aspects of the medial lower leg, with the great saphenous vein, passing with it behind the...


Extensor Hallucis Brevis

The extensor hallucis brevis is an intrinsic muscle of the foot. It is often considered to be the medial part of the extensor digitorum brevis muscle, rather than a separate...

Bones of the Lower Limb

The Patella

...participating in sports such as: football, rugby and ice hockey. Patellar Fracture Patellar fractures usually result from direct trauma to the bone, or sudden contraction of the quadriceps muscle. They...

Anatomical Areas

The Popliteal Fossa

...are: Weakened or absent plantar flexion Paraesthesia of the foot and posterolateral leg An aneurysm of the popliteal artery can be detected by an obvious palpable pulsation in the popliteal...

Bones of the Lower Limb

The Tibia

...fractured. This is caused by the ankle being twisted inwards (over-inversion) – the talus of the foot is forced against the medial malleolus, causing a spiral fracture. This rarely happens...

Anatomical Areas

The Femoral Triangle

...compartment of the thigh, and provides sensory branches for the leg and foot. Femoral artery – responsible for the majority of the arterial supply to the lower limb. Femoral vein...

Pathways in the Central Nervous System

The Descending Tracts

...Hyperreflexia – increased muscle reflexes Clonus – involuntary, rhythmic muscle contractions Babinski sign – extension of the hallux in response to blunt stimulation of the sole of the foot Muscle...

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